Sostenibilidad e Innovación - Sustainability and Innovation 45 THE GROWING IMPORTANCE OF TRANSPARENCY Technical options for supply chain transparency already exist in the form of cloud, Blockchain and AI, though some playersarestill reluctant touse them, asadopting technical innovations for end-to-end supply chain transparency is by no means the norm. After the events of 2022, this could change this year with new risks on the horizon: a possible global recession, new shutdowns and conflicts, and severe climate impacts. Today, transparency tomanagesupply chain risks ismore important than ever. If the supply chain is at risk, there is a need to decide in good time on a practical transport alternative that is available, the key word being ”multi-channel”. Thus, comprehensive assessment of transparent supply chain data can identify the best options available. THE CASE OF GERMANY In Germany, Europe’s largest economy, the new Supply Chain Due Diligence Act, which came into force on 1 January 2023, seeks to increase transparency in logistics. Thus, the Act regulates companies’ responsibility to comply with human rights and environmental standards throughout the supply chain. The companies affected are those with a head office, secondary residence, administrative office or registered office in Germany (initially with at least 3,000 employees, but from 2024 with at least 1,000 employees in Germany). These companies must implement risk management with regular reporting to prevent human rights violations and environmental hazards. In France, the comparable Corporate Duty of Vigilance Act was passed in 2017. The essence of both legal requirements is that they do not limit due diligence to the company’s own business activities but extend it to contractual partners and suppliers. The first thing that comes tomind is theproduction facilities in Southeast Asia and the working conditions prevailing there, but the law also relates to logistics services. Transparency is therefore required throughout the supply chain. Some experts fear that German participants in the global market will be at a disadvantage because of less stringent requirements elsewhere. However, it remains to be seen whether these fears will actually materialise in the near future. Blockchain y la Inteligencia Artificial aportan transparencia a la cadena de suministro. Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence bring transparency to the supply chain. prevalecen allí, pero la ley también se relaciona con los servicios de logística. Por lo tanto, se requiere transparencia a lo largo de toda la cadena de suministro. Debido a que existen requisitos menos rigurosos en otros lugares, algunos expertos temen desventajas para los participantes alemanes en el mercado global. En todo caso, aún está por verse si estos se materializarán realmente en un futuro cercano.